Sin, Transgression  &  Iniquity by Rebbe Co Ben Yahudah

Sept 18, 2015 


These terms evoke different emotions, thoughts and perceptions.  Depending on where we get the definition of these words, determines our understanding on how we comprehend them, how we appreciate them and how we deal with them, and/or what we do with them.  Here are the (3) words with the definitions taken from the Strong’s Concordance defined according to the Hebrew:


1.  chaṭṭâ'âh    chaṭṭâ'th   חַטָּאת    חַטָּאָה

From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender: - punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

2.  châṭâ'     חָטָא

A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn: - bear the blame, cleanse, commit [sin], by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend (-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin (-ful, -ness), trespassive

3.  shâgâh      שָׁגָה

A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured: - (cause to) go astray, deceive, err, be ravished, sin through ignorance, (let, make to) wander.



1. Pesha  פֶּשַׁע

From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious): - rebellion, sin, transgression, trespassive

2.  châṭâ'  חָטָא

A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn: - bear the blame, cleanse, commit [sin], by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend (-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin (-ful, -ness), trespassive



1. âvôn    âvôn   עָווֹן    עָוֹן

From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil: - fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment (of iniquity), sin.

2. aveh  עַוְעֶה

From H5753; perversity: -  X perverse.


In relation to a Hebraic perspective, to sin/transgress is in reference to missing the mark that the Creator has set.  It means disobeying His voice….His Word.  We may ask first of all, what is His Word?  His Word is the Torah as claimed, by Him, The Creator Himself also from His prophets…..the prophets of Y__H who inscribed the TaNaKh in the past and which stories, teachings, contracts and agreements, and testimonies re-told countless of times since and up to the present time.  Sin is being disobedient to the Abbah’s voice.  Sin can be against the Almighty directly or against others, even ourselves …..or His Creation.  Sin essentially is deciding to do our own thing instead of what the Creator has commanded or has spoken whether it is our intentional or unintentional actions.  It is man putting his desires over the Almighty’s desires via His Words, Ways and His patterns….. in effect idolatry.  In this instance, I am referring to intentional sin. 


Debarim (Deu) 12: 8 You shall not do after all the things that we do here this day, every man whatsoever is right in his own eyes.


Beresheet (Gen) 4: 7 If you do well, shall it not be accepted? And if you do not do well, transgression lies at your door. And to you shall be its desire, and you shall rule over it.

50: 17 Thus you shall say to Yosef: I beg you, please forgive the trespass of your brothers, and their transgression; for they did evil to you: now, please, forgive the trespass of the servants of the Elohim of your father. And Yosef wept when they spoke to him.

Shemot (Exodus) 32: 30 And it came to pass on the next day that Musa said to the people, You have committed a great transgression. So now I will go up to Y__H; perhaps I can make atonement for your transgression.  

31 Then Musa returned to Y__H and said, Oh, these people have committed a great transgression, and have made for themselves an elohi (god) of gold.


What happens when we disobey His voice…His Word?  We sin, simply put.  We become disconnected from Him.  We make ourselves unclean, and continual sin will enable us to easily walk away from His presence and protection.   There are consequences and there is a law of cause and effect that will and can take place. 


Debarim (Deu) 8: 19 And it shall be, if You do at all forget Y__H Your POWER, and do the halachot of other powers, and serve them, and pay homage to them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely be destroyed.

20 As the nations which Y__H destroyed in front of you, so shall you perish; because you would not be obedient to the voice of Y__H Your POWER.


Because the time of the year that is the most solemn to those walking in Torah is coming up, this topic is vital.  The time is Yom Kippur/Yom Kippurim….Day of Atonements


We’Yikra (Lev) 23: 27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be Yom Kippurim (Day of Atonements): it shall be a miqra kodesh (set-apart convocation) to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to Y__H.

28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a Yom Kippurim (Day of Atonements), to make kapporah (atonement) for you before Y__H Your POWER.

29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

30 And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

32 It shall be to you a set-apart Sabbath and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your Sabbath.


Most people have sinned at some point in their lives, which puts a gulf between them/us and the Creator.  Because we know this, what can be done to set us back on the proper path?  How can we undo sin and redo the negative actions of the past?  How do we rectify this or these occurrences? Are we able to remove the negative influences over our behavior?  There is a Hebrew word called Teshuvah (to turn back, to turn from).  This word gives us a glimpse into what actions we are to take to bring us into right standing with the Creator of the Heavens and earth and even with our fellow man that we may have wronged or who may have wronged us.  Keep in mind the following:

-          Saying sorry is not enough.

-          Regret is not enough.

-          Accepting full responsibility by righting the wrongs conducted is necessary.

-          A commitment to work at keeping away from the particular misgiving(s).  

-          Rebirth….Going back to the point of where the sin occurred, ask for forgiveness, repay for what was broken, ie broken trust, slander, or whatever wrong that was committed, must be un-done. 


What happens after Teshuvah?  What happens after being restored?  After we have conducted teshuvah, we are made whole, made clean and we begin walking into our destiny.  What happens if or as we drop our sin?  Where are we and what are we capable of doing for H’Shem?  Imagine for a moment if you will, if we are not held back by our sins…the negativity that keeps us from having a proper relationship with the Creator, if we are restored in essence to where we should be and where and who we were created to be.  We can then be fully who the Creator has designed us to be.  We can walk in the paths that we were called to walk in. 


The Abbah is right-ruling, extremely clean and in Him is the absence of sin.  So we must come to Him humbly and clean.  The Creator is extremely orderly and within Him and His being is an absence of chaos.  Sin is chaotic and without order. 


Shemoth (Ex) 34: 6 And Y__H passed before him and proclaimed, Y__H , Y__H El (The Power), merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth,

7 Pouring his loving-kindness for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and offense, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the ahvot (fathers) upon the children and the children's children to the third and the fourth generation.


Each of us are responsible for showing the Light of Elohim in our lives.  Each of us are responsible and accountable for the Light of the Creator in which He has given us to demonstrate and share. 


YeshaYahu (Is) 60:1 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the esteem of Y__H is risen upon you.

2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but Y__H shall arise upon you, and his esteem shall be seen upon you.

3 And the Gentiles shall come to your light, and Sovereigns to the brightness of your rising.

9: 2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them has the light shone.


The Almighty is orderly and His Presence brings peace and casts away chaos in the lives of those walking in His Ways and precepts.  Though there may be a storm brewing nearby….though a war may be ensuing within your vicinity….though your work mates, associates or even family may be upset with you……though a super typhoon, super hurricane or monsoon have begun, we can have shalom in the midst of all of this chaos because of our Torah walk, because of our relationship with the Creator. 


Tehillim (Ps) 29:11 Y__H will give strength to his people; Y__H will Increase his people with shalom.

4: 8 I will both lay down in shalom, and sleep: for you, Y__H , only make me dwell in safety.

34: 14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek shalom, and pursue it.

37: 11 But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of shalom.

37: 37 Mark the complete man, and behold the upright: for the end of that man is shalom.

55: 18 He has rescued my soul in shalom from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.

72: 7 In his days shall the right-ruling flourish; and abundance of shalom so long as the moon endures.


This is our personal responsibility and we cannot blame the negative in our lives on others.  The choice for personal accountability in the eyes of the Creator is necessary for growth, and necessary for our acceptance.  Deciding to continue to walk outside of the Creator’s will, outside of His commands is sin. 


Take responsibility for past negative actions and commit to NOT doing them again, while relying on the Abbah’s strength to assist us in keeping away, and upon falling or walking in sin, repent and make restitution/teshuvah.  This may mean a change in our thought process, change of our actions, change of our words and a change of spending time with those not walking in Torah, and a change in the things that influence us against Torah. 


YeshaYahu (Is)55: 7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the wicked man his thoughts: and let him return to Y__H, and he will have lovingkindness upon him; and to our POWER, for he will abundantly pardon.


Melekhim Bet (II Ki) 17: 13 Yet Y__H testified against Y’sra’el, and against Yahudah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Return from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the Torah which I commanded your ahvot (fathers), and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.


Dibre HaYamim Bet (II Chr) 7: 14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and petition, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from shamayim, and will forgive their transgression, and will heal their land.

30: 9 For if you turn again to Y__H , your brethren and your children shall find compassion before them that lead them captive, so that they shall come again into this land: for Y__H Your POWER is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if you return to him.


NekhemiYah (Neh) 1: 9 But if you turn to me, and keep my commandments, and do them; though there were of you cast out to the uttermost part of the shamayim, yet will I gather them from there, and will bring them to the place that I have chosen to set my name there.


Mishle (Pr) 4: 13 Take fast hold of instruction; let her not go: keep her; for she is your life.

14 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil men.

15 Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away.


YeshaYahu (Is) 59: 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Tsiyon, and to them that turn from transgression in Yaqub, says Y__H .

21 As for me, this is my Contract/Agreement with them, says Y__H ; My Ruakh (Spirit) that is upon you, and my words which I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, nor out of the mouth of your seed, nor out of the mouth of your seed's seed, says Y__H , from henceforth and forever.



A wise person fears Yah and if their feet are grounded in His Torah, they will not be moved. 

-          Those who are not humble cannot receive wisdom and understanding from the Creator.  They walk in their own understanding.


Debarim 4: 6 And you shall guard them and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. 


Mishle (Pro) 1:7 The fear of Y__H is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

22 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? And the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?

24 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;

25 But you have set at naught all my counsel, and would none of my reproof:

26 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear comes;

27 When your fear comes as desolation and your destruction comes as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish comes upon you.

28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me at dawn, but they shall not find me:

29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose to fear Y__H:

30 They would have none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.

31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.

32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.

33 But whoever hearkens to me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil.


All in all, we do not need to walk against the Ways and Will of the Creator.  We do not need to be at odds with Him and we do not need keep sin in our lives and as a foundation for our lives.  We have the opportunity now and more than ever to obey the Creator of the Heavens and earth.  We have chance to find The Almighty and walk in His Ways.  We have the time now to do the Will of the Almighty and depart from transgression and iniquity.  We must do well and walk according to the Ways of Creator of the Universes.  Rebbe Coalesce


YeshaYahu 55:6  Seek you Y__H while he may be found, call you upon him while he is near:

7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the wicked man his thoughts: and let him return to Y__H, and he will have loving-kindness upon him; and to our POWER, for he will abundantly pardon.

8  For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, says Y__H.

9 For as the shamayim are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.



Rebbe Co